What Are Uterine Abnormalities?
Some uterine anomalies are present at birth. These congenital uterine defects include:
- Uterine Septum –tissue partially or completely dividing the uterus
- Bicornuate – heart-shaped uterus with a single cervix
- Unicornuate– a uterus that has developed only on one side and is very small
- Didelphys (double) – rare condition where two separate uterine structures develop, often with a duplicate cervix and/or vagina
- T-shaped – sometimes linked to children of mothers who received DES, a drug given decades ago to prevent miscarriage
Acquired uterine abnormalities develop later and include:
- Polyps –cell overgrowth on the inner wall of the uterus extending into the uterine cavity
- Fibroids – noncancerous tumors inside the uterus
- Scarring or Asherman’s Syndrome – scars in the uterus caused by trauma, surgery or infections
Cervical Factor – Poor quality cervical mucus or the presence of antisperm antibodies can inhibit fertility.
How Are Uterine Abnormalities Diagnosed?
Diagnostic tests include a special uterine x-ray called a hysterosalpingogram (HSG), a hysteroscopy procedure to look inside the uterus, ultrasound or sonohysterogram (water ultrasound).
What Are Some Treatments For Uterine Abnormalities?
Not all uterine abnormalities require treatment. A consultation with an infertility specialist will help to determine if surgery is required. If surgical correction is not possible, a surrogate or gestational carrier may be a solution in rare situations.
Dallas-Fort Worth Fertility Associates cares for women with uterine abnormalities in Southlake, Keller, Grapevine, Colleyville, Denton and their surrounding areas.