PCOS, or polycystic ovarian syndrome, is a group of health issues caused by hormonal imbalance. The condition places women at an increased risk for a variety of lifelong health problems.
Health Issues Associated with PCOS
Insulin Resistance – high glucose levels that result when cells are unable to use insulin to convert glucose into energy.
Type 2 Diabetes – prolonged increases in glucose levels that occur when cells are unable to process enough glucose for extended periods of time. About 30 to 50% of women with PCOS may have or develop type 2 diabetes.
Metabolic Syndrome – occurs when the body is unable to balance all of the chemicals it needs to and can lead to insulin resistance, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.
Obesity – due to hormonal imbalances, high glucose levels, and the body’s inability to process certain chemicals caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Cardiovascular Disease – women with PCOS are more likely to develop cardiovascular disease including high blood pressure, heart attack and stroke.
Endometrial Cancer – PCOS can cause endometrial hyperplasia (thickening of the endometrial lining) increasing the risk for endometrial cancer.
Women who have been diagnosed with PCOS may require screening for the above conditions. Even if you have not been diagnosed with the condition, if your mother or sister has PCOS, you are at an increased risk.
If you are hoping to become pregnant, talk with your fertility specialist about any symptoms you may have, since women with polycystic ovarian syndrome face increased risks during pregnancy.
The fertility specialist at Dallas-Fort Worth Fertility Associates care for women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). Our physicians care for patients in Southlake, Keller, Grapevine, Colleyville, Denton and their surrounding areas.